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China's proposed measures to defeat corruption

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The Anti-Corruption Summit 2016 is the first of its kind to bring together world leaders, the banking and financial sectors, and non-government organizations to jointly discuss and implement combined plans to tackle corruption.

The Anti-Corruption Summit 2016 is the first of its kind to bring together world leaders, the banking and financial sectors, and non-government organizations to jointly discuss and implement combined plans to tackle corruption.[Photo/China.org.cn]

The Anti-Corruption Summit 2016 is the first of its kind to bring together world leaders, the banking and financial sectors, and non-government organizations to jointly discuss and implement combined plans to tackle corruption.[Photo/China.org.cn]

 

 

 

According to the World Economic Forum and the World Bank, corruption costs the world trillions of dollars each year.

Speaking at the summit, Huang told the summit how China has been actively tackling corruption at home and internationally. Huang also put forward proposals to combat international corruption.

The fight at home

Under President Xi Jinping who came to power in 2012, China has launched a four-pronged strategy for the betterment of Chinese society. One aim of this strategy is to promote party integrity, clean governance and curb corruption.

The Chinese government is fighting to curb the spending of public funds on lavish dinners and gift giving, and officials taking gifts and special treatment in the way of bribes. Huang said that between 2013 and 2015, 65,000 officials have been disciplined for misconduct.

The government has also worked at strengthening the supervision of officials through cross-party inspections. Huang said that central authorities have sent teams to local authorities, government agencies, and state-owned companies to make sure that policies of the central government are "faithfully implemented" and to see whether there are violations of political discipline and rules.

These teams have visited nearly 200 Party organisations in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. "These measures have been an effective deterrent against corruption," Huang told the summit.

Huang said that China has a commitment to law-based governance, and that it will continue to fight corruption as it already has done.

Combating corruption internationally

China is already a member of 15 global and regional anti-corruption mechanisms and has championed initiatives such as the "APEC Beijing Declaration on Fighting Corruption," and has pushed for the establishment of a BRICS -- association of largest developing nations -- anti-corruption cooperation mechanism.

Huang also said that China has anti-corruption cooperation with 89 countries and regions, and has established extradition treaties and treaties of mutual legal assistance in criminal matters.

These treaties will help China and other governments to go after fugitives with illegal assets.

In 2014 China launched "Skynet," an operation that goes after fugitives with illegal assets, which are often the profits of corruption. Since starting the operation, China has brought 1,657 fugitives of corruption and economic crimes back to China.

Finally, the Chinese government has cracked down on transnational bribery, and has handled over 14,000 bribery cases of both Chinese companies over-seas and foreign companies within China.

China's proposals for anti-corruption cooperation

On the whole, China's proposals at the summit called for better cooperation between governments in creating extradition treaties in order to bring to justice those who may have gained money through corruption. The other key point was that all governments should respect others' endeavours in tackling corruption.

Huang said that countries need to choose an anti-corruption model according to their "history, culture, and circumstance." Importantly, countries should respect each other's sovereignty in such issues, and should work together for mutual benefits.

The international community needs to expand cooperation. Multilaterally countries should actively chase after fugitives in order to recover illegal assets. At the bilateral level, countries should overcome political and legal barriers and sign extradition treaties.

Finally, countries should work towards a win-win and result-oriented cooperation. Every country should work to accommodate each other's interests while pursuing their own goals, this being especially true of developing countries.

 

 

 

 

Source: china daily
Date: 2016-05-13