II. Development of Olympic Venues and Related Facilities
1. Principles, Status and locations
1) In planning and designing the venues, we will give full consideration to both the Olympic competitions and post-Games uses. While meeting the technical requirements of the IOC, we will maximize the social benefits of the Olympic venues, giving full consideration to the needs of the citizens for sports and the long-term functions of venues for hosting cultural, sport, commercial, tourist, and recreational activities, as well as meetings and exhibitions.
2) We will keep frugality in mind in the development of the venues. The size, location and number of the venues and facilities to be constructed will be reviewed and verified. Existing facilities that can be adapted or expanded for Olympic purpose will be used instead of building new ones, and temporary venues will be built in place of permanent ones.
3) We will create masterpieces of sports facilities that reflect the integration of construction technologies, architectural art and environmental protection and fully embody the concept of sustainable development, leaving a unique Olympic legacy to the capital city.
Status: 37 venues will be used for Olympic competitions, 32 of which in Beijing and 5 of which outside the city. Of the 32 venues in Beijing, 19 will be newly-constructed (including 6 temporary sites) and 13 are existing facilities to be renovated or expanded. In addition, 59 training sites will be renovated and special facilities for the Paralympics will be constructed. Of the 5 venues outside Beijing, the Qingdao International Sailing Center, Tianjin Stadium, and Qinhuangdao Stadium will be newly constructed while Shenyang Wulihe Stadium and Shanghai Stadium are existing ones to be renovated.
Locations: The venue distribution can be described as "one center plus three areas". The Olympic Green, containing 13 venues, will be the center for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. The Western Community Area will include 9 venues, among which Wukesong Culture and Sports Center will become a venue for cultural and sports activities in southwest Beijing after the Olympic Games. The University Area will harbor 4 venues, including the Capital Indoor Stadium, all of which will become places for cultural and sports activities for colleges and local communities after the Games. 2 venues, including Beijing Country Equestrian Park, will be located in the North Scenic Spot Area, facilitating the development of suburban tourism. In addition, in other areas, 4 venues, including the Workers' Stadium, will be renovated or extended, offering places for cultural and sports activities for the neighboring residents.
2. Plan and Design of the Olympic Green
The Olympic Green, located on the north end of the central axis of the city, occupies an area of 1,135 hectares, which contains a forest park of 680 hectares and a central area of 405 hectares for the Games. The Olympic Green, supplemented by the venues and facilities for the Asian Games, will boast convenient traffic, concentrated population, good urban infrastructure, and well developed service facilities for commercial and cultural activities, etc. In the planning of the Olympic Green, we will bear in mind the long-term development of the city and the needs of the citizens for material and cultural life, making it a multi-functional public center for sports, meetings, exhibitions, entertainment and shopping, with broad spaces and landscaped surroundings.
The major venues to be built in the Olympic Green include:
National Stadium: with a seating capacity of 80,000 people, it will be the venue for the opening and closing ceremonies, athletics and football finals.
National Indoor Stadium: with a seating capacity of 18,000 people, it will be the venue for Gymnastics, handball, and volleyball finals. It will be a multi-functional structure.
National Swimming Center: with a seating capacity of 18,000 people, it will be the main venue for swimming competitions. It will serve as a public sports center after the Olympic Games.
Other related facilities to be built in the Olympic Green include:
Olympic Village: with complete supporting facilities, the Olympic Village will Contain 360,000 square meters of apartments available to the athletes, coaches and team officials during the Games. These apartments will be sold as commercial housing after the Games.
Other facilities: a number of other buildings will also be planned and built in the Green, which will serve as the competition venues for table tennis, badminton, fencing and wrestling and as the Main Press Center (MPC) and the International Broadcasting Center IBC).After the Games, these buildings will be turned into convention and exhibition centers and cultural facilities, such as Capital Youth Palace and Urban Planning Exhibition Hall, etc. In addition, other supporting service facilities will also be available for accommodation, commerce, and offices, etc.
3 Philosophy for the Design of Venues
The philosophy for the design of the Olympic venues is to meet the requirements for competitions and to be good in function yet not luxurious. The designs will be made to satisfy the requirements of the International Sports Federations and conform to relevant national laws and regulations. The special needs of athletes with physical disabilities will also be taken into consideration.
High technologies will be extensively adopted in the design of the venues. We will provide comprehensive information services at the Olympic Games by making full use of digital network technology, distant audio-visual transmission technology and video technology. Cleaner energies, environment-friendly building materials, and energy saving technologies such as rainwater collection, gray water utilization, natural ventilation and natural lighting will be extensively used to protect natural environment and save resources.
Venues will be built to be safe, comfortable, and good for post-Games use. Venue designs will center on the needs of people and the provision of safe, comfortable space and facilities to the audience. Completed infrastructure and supporting facilities will be available for each venue. Venues will be designed to be multi-functional and adaptable for post-Games use. Furthermore, Special efforts will be made in traffic planning to ensure that convenient and speedy transport service can be provided in any circumstances.
4. Full Consideration to the Needs of the Paralympic Games
The preparation and the staging of the 2008 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games will promote the cause for the people with disabilities and create a society where they are respected, cared for and helped. In the construction of the Olympic venues and related facilities, we will give full consideration to the special needs of the athletes and spectators with physical disabilities, to materialize the goal of "equality, participation and sharing". 18 of the Olympic venues will be used for the Paralympic Games. These venues will be designed to be fully accessible for the people with disabilities. For example, these venues will be equipped with photoelectrical and acoustic appliances to assist the athletes in the competitions. All supporting facilities in the Olympic Village will also be so designed.