Date : Theme Exhibition (Permanent)
Venue : Public Place on the Platform of F3
Hosted by: National Museum of China
This exhibition features 30 stone sculptures collected by the National Museum of China from Sichuan, representing the best of the kind unearthed from the tombs of the Song Dynasty. The stone tombs found with sculptures in Sichuan are mainly scattered in Guangyuan, Zhaohua, Mianyang, Jintang, Pengshan, Yibin, Luzhou and Dazu, all built of sandstones. Most of them have two chambers standing side by side. Inside the tomb chamber is a simply carved wood-like structure: by the door is a warrior, on the walls are four gods, and on the back wall is a scene of a woman opening the door, while the theme sculpture in the tomb depicts the scene of the loving couple, owners of the tomb, throw a banquet. This is the first time for most of these stone sculptures to go into public view. The stone sculptures featuring the banquet hold the central position, complemented by those about the warriors, the four gods and the woman/boy opening the door. Most of them are in delicate bas relief, with the figures looking vivid and lifelike. Especially the graceful waitresses have special charm in their own ways: some are grooming or cleaning, some entertaining guests, or dancing and singing. They cast amorous glances around, as if to speak or move, which demonstrates the sculptor’s marvelous craftsmanship. These exhibits featuring lifelike figures and distinctive instruments lend us a look into the living customs, clothing characteristics and entertaining ways of people back in the Song Dynasty. These sculptures not only serve as valuable materials for research into the social history of the Song Dynasty, but also boast great artistic value.