Beijing boasts a history of more than 3,000 years that has been proved by words and cultural relics. It has been the capital of the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. This municipality carries the millennium historical culture and the halos of prosperous age of the five dynasties. There are over 7,300 cultural relics and historic sites and over 200 tourist spots. So it can say that one brick or one tile in Beijing has its legendary, and grasses and woods have their own stories.
So far, Beijing still retains a distinctive style of the ancient Imperial City: the Forbidden City, the largest palace in the world with a history of nearly 600 years. A north-south axis with the Forbidden City as the center runs through the municipality with symmetric buildings in the east and west, showing an interlinked and well-bedded overall pattern of the square city with cross streets and courtyards in different sizes. The whole municipality is surrounded by mountains and girdled by rivers, and its streets are orderly as a chessboard, integrating the traditional Chinese spirits of Confucianism and Taoism into the construction of the capital.