At the end of 2016, Beijing had almost 22 million permanent residents. It is planned that the population won`t exceed 23 million by 2020.
Beijing is China's first city where people from the country's 56 ethnic groups can be found living here. The biggest ethnic groups are Han, Manchu, Hui, Mongo, Korean and Tujia groups. Religions that the residents mainly believe in are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Christianity.
In March 1979, Tokyo became the first sister city of Beijing. It was followed by cities like New York, Paris, London and Berlin. Now we have 54cities in 49 countries. 22 in Europe, 15 in Asia, 10 in America, 3 in Africa and 3 in Oceania.
Health indicators of Beijing residents took the lead in China. Due to better medical availability and changes of people’s lifestyle the average life expectancy reached 81.9 years.
Beijing is a city with profound historical and cultural significance. It owns the largest number of world cultural heritage items across China. We have a total of 126 major national historical and cultural heritage sites. Out of the vast number of cultural significance, seven are UNESCO world heritage sites.
The UNESCO World Heritage Site are: Forbidden City, Great Wall, “Peking Man”, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs, Beijing Hanghou Grand Canal.
By the end of 2016, the number of Beijing's registered museums had reached a new high, only second to London. Beijing possesses both comprehensive and specialised museums that feature science, religion and customs.
Beijing is home to several dozens of public libraries, including the world's third and Asia's largest library the National Library which was founded in 9th of September 1909. It holds the largest collections of Chinese literature and historical documents in the world.
Beijing features a very strong service economy with 80.3% of the total GDP. The primary and secondary industries are only 0.5% and 19.2% respectively. High end services, including financial, information and high-tech played an important role in the last year.
In 2016, a total of 428.000 new urban jobs were created in Beijing. The proportion of employed population in urban households remained at around 50%.
Ratio of the Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Industries: primary is 0.5%, secondary is 19.2% and tertiary is 80.3%. Beijing features a stronger service economy. In 2016, the added value of the municipality's service sector accounted for 80.3%. High-end services, including financial, information and high-tech services, played an important role.
Beijing tourism experienced a steady development in 2016. Last year, 4.6% more visitors year on year.
Beijing has in total 1.136 million students in primary and Junior high school and ranks first in terms of the overall level in developing its compulsory education and comes out on top in terms of such indexes as educational funding.
Beijing has 91 regular higher educational institutions with a number of key colleges and universities accounting for one fourth of the total nationwide. The total number of students on campus are 588.000. There are 16 private colleges and universities in the municipality with 63.000 students on campus.
Beijing has the most centralised high-quality higher education resources and the highest educational level across China. Of its major workforce, 40% of people have accepted higher education.
Beijing was home of 635 private kindergarten with 151.000 children. In all Beijing kindergartens has a total of 417.000 children.
The number of sports facilities in Beijing has risen. As of 2016, Beijing has reached 2.25 m² space per capita. Beijing's large stadiums ensure the possibility to hold large international events.
In a latest poll, people regarded fitness as the 5th living element after clothing, food, shelter and travel.
Beijing is truly a city of sports. With 2 Olympic games and 22.300 fitness activities organised in 2016. In those activities, ranging from municipal level to lower levels, about 9.5 million people took part. Average number of international events: 40.
It is forecasted that Beijing's sports industry revenue is 40 billion yuan in 2022. With the Olympic Games Beijing will build 16 new indoor ice rinks, 50 new outdoor skating rinks and 30 new snow entertainment venues.
Every day, almost 1700 flights of over 90 airlines connects Beijing with the 222 airports in 58 countries of the world. In 2016, Capital Airport served more than 90 million passengers.
By the end of 2016, the total length of roads in Beijing was 22,026 km. The total length of Expressways was 1013 km. In 2017 the number of Expressways under construction in Beijing has reached seven, the largest number in history.
The Beijing subway is the world's busiest in annual ridership with 3.66 billion trips delivered in 2016, averaging 9.998 million per day, with peak single-day ridership reaching 12.69 million.
In 2008 Beijing introduced restrictions on the number of cars on its roads in attempt to reduce congestion and pollution. They did this by adopting odd-even traffic restriction on alternative days. Cars with number plates ending with odd numbers were restricted one day and the next day cars with number plates ending with even numbers were restricted.