Dongcheng District, situated in the northeast of Beijing, is one of the four central urban districts of Beijing. It covers an area of 25.38 square kilometers with a population of 555,000. Dongcheng has a history of more than 700 years and was part of the central area of the ancient capital of the Yuan (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) Dynasties. Under the Beijing City Master Plan (2004-2020), Dongcheng is designated as one of the four core zones of the capital city -- a zone that typifies Beijing's function of the country's political center, one that has a constellation of national cultural institutions, an important tourist destination of traditional culture and a commercial center well-known across China. The strategy of economic and social development of Dongcheng is to give priority to modern service and hi-tech industries; to focus on the development of Wangfujing Modern Commercial Center, the Transport and Business Center along the Second Ring Road East and the Yonghe Science and Technology Park; to try to achieve breakthroughs in IT development, education and health reforms, social harmonization, city management, economic restructuring, preservation of the capital city's historical landscape and renovation of dilapidated houses; and to put emphasis on the importance of a favorable environment, the headquarters economy and branding strategies.
Dongcheng District Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) is the CPC's leadership organization in the district. Dongcheng District People's Congress is the highest authority in Dongcheng with responsibilities of ensuring enforcement of national laws and local regulations, making major decisions and electing its leading officials and those of district government. The People's Government of Dongcheng District is the local administrative and law-enforcing body. It is composed of Dongcheng District Development and Reform Commission, Science and Technology Commission, Education Commission, etc. The Foreign Affairs Office of Dongcheng District Government is responsible for the district's international relations and foreign affairs. The Dongcheng District Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) provides a platform for democratic parties and people from all walks of life to engage in political consultations, exercise democratic supervision and participate in politics. The leadership of the four above-mentioned political branches each serves a five-year term; the incumbents were sworn in late in 2006.