In Guilin, too, a historic event occurred. Starting December 23, 1921, Sun Yat-sen, with Soong Ching Ling present, had long talks with Maring, a Dutch Communist who was Far Eastern representative of the Third International.Maring made two suggestions, accepted by Sun with far-reaching results.
In politics, too, new ideas were fermenting in his mind. Sun was moving towards the creation of his Three Cardinal Policies of the mid-1920s. They were: alliance with Soviet Russia, cooperation with the Chinese Communist Party, and provision for the interests of the workers and peasants.
Persistent but not stubborn, Sun was a learner.His desire to build a revolutionary army grew with his disillusion about finding real support in the existing armed forces of the fragmented “Republic.”
They were deaf, too, to the proposal made by Sun Yat-sen in his book“The International Development of China”, in which he called for investment in China's modernization of funds released from military use when World War I ended.
Once when I accompanied him to Yu Yuan Road [in Shanghai] he pointed to the rows of buildings and said to me,“Look at this place! In the old days there was a cemetery here, but now there are these foreign style houses belonging to our country's warlords.”
“This is why our national strength is declining and we face the danger of being conquered by the imperialist powers. It is necessary to abolish warlordism.”