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About Nobel Prize
    The Nobel Prize is an international award given yearly since 1901 for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and for peace. In 1968, the Bank of Sweden instituted the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize.

    The Prize Winners are announced in October every year. They receive their awards (a prize amount, a gold medal and a diploma) on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death.
    Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. His family was descended from Olof Rudbeck, the best-known technical genius of Sweden's 17th century era as a great power in northern Europe.

    Nobel invented dynamite in 1866 and later built up companies and laboratories in more than 20 countries all over the world.

    On November 27, 1895, Nobel signed his last will providing for the establishment of the Nobel Prize. He died of cerebral haemorrhage in his home in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896.
    Alfred died in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896. In his last will and testament, he wrote that much of his fortune was to be used to give prizes to those who have done their best for humanity in the field of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace.

    In 1901, the first Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature were first awarded in Stockholm, Sweden and the Peace Prize in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway.
    The first Prize Award Ceremony in 1901 at the Old Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm.
 
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Xiaodong Wang

Dr. Xiaodong Wang was born in Wuhan in 1963. He received his bachelor's degree in Science from Beijing Normal University and his Ph.D. in biochemistry from University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.

In 2004 he was awarded the NAS (National Academy of Sciences) award in Molecular Biology for his biochemical studies of apoptosis which had resolved a molecular pathway leading in and out of the mitochondrion.
Dr. Wang pioneered the discovery of effector mechanisms for mammalian apoptosis operating in the cytosol downstream of the mitochondria. He identified and characterized the apoptosome complex comprised of released cytochrome c, Apaf-1 and caspase-9 critical to effecting cell death. Moreover, he discovered additional apoptotic regulators including DFF, EndoG and SMAC. For these he was elected to National Academy of Sciences in the year 2004.
Dr. Xiaodong Wang will be awarded The 2006 Shaw Prize in Life Science and Medicine for his discovery of the biochemical basis of programmed cell death, a vital process that balances cell birth and defends against cancer.

Dr. Xiaodong Wang currently serves as George L. MacGregor Distinguished Chair Professor in Biomedical Science at UT-Southwestern; Investigator at Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and Investigator and Co-Director of National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing.

    
Beijing Foreign Affairs Office