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About Nobel Prize
    The Nobel Prize is an international award given yearly since 1901 for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and for peace. In 1968, the Bank of Sweden instituted the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize.

    The Prize Winners are announced in October every year. They receive their awards (a prize amount, a gold medal and a diploma) on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death.
    Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. His family was descended from Olof Rudbeck, the best-known technical genius of Sweden's 17th century era as a great power in northern Europe.

    Nobel invented dynamite in 1866 and later built up companies and laboratories in more than 20 countries all over the world.

    On November 27, 1895, Nobel signed his last will providing for the establishment of the Nobel Prize. He died of cerebral haemorrhage in his home in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896.
    Alfred died in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896. In his last will and testament, he wrote that much of his fortune was to be used to give prizes to those who have done their best for humanity in the field of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace.

    In 1901, the first Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature were first awarded in Stockholm, Sweden and the Peace Prize in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway.
    The first Prize Award Ceremony in 1901 at the Old Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm.
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Games will make Beijing greener

The Olympic Games will help Beijing reduce its greenhouse gas emissions, a leading environmental expert has claimed.

China Research Center of Recycle Economy Director Wu Jisong, a senior advisor of the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCOG), said pollutant discharge had been sharply reduced since the capital bid for the Games.

"The main reason is adjustment of the industrial structure of the city," he said.

Service industries, which discharge the least pollutants, now account for more than 70 percent of the gross domestic product of the city.

The adoption of advanced pollutant-reduction technologies in plants and the increasing use of clean energy resources had also contributed to the reduction, he said.

Olympic venues employing the latest energy conservation methods were almost pollution-free and would influence future construction in the city.

"The vast forestation campaign for the Games has also led to a reduction in carbon dioxide, the major greenhouse gas," he said.

Beijing was the only provincial-level administrative region last year that achieved a national goal of reducing major pollutants by 2 percent.

Speaking at the Nobel Laureates Beijing Forum, Beijing Mayor Wang Qishan said the city will reduce sulfur dioxide discharge by 20 percent and chemical oxygen demand by 15 percent before 2010.


china daily