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About Nobel Prize
    The Nobel Prize is an international award given yearly since 1901 for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and for peace. In 1968, the Bank of Sweden instituted the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize.

    The Prize Winners are announced in October every year. They receive their awards (a prize amount, a gold medal and a diploma) on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death.
    Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. His family was descended from Olof Rudbeck, the best-known technical genius of Sweden's 17th century era as a great power in northern Europe.

    Nobel invented dynamite in 1866 and later built up companies and laboratories in more than 20 countries all over the world.

    On November 27, 1895, Nobel signed his last will providing for the establishment of the Nobel Prize. He died of cerebral haemorrhage in his home in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896.
    Alfred died in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896. In his last will and testament, he wrote that much of his fortune was to be used to give prizes to those who have done their best for humanity in the field of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace.

    In 1901, the first Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature were first awarded in Stockholm, Sweden and the Peace Prize in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway.
    The first Prize Award Ceremony in 1901 at the Old Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm.
 
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China to pay more attention on energy conservation

China is dedicated to tackling climate change and promoting sustainable development. This is according to Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan, who was speaking at the opening ceremony of an international forum of Nobel laureates and world-renowned economists.

Zeng Peiyan emphasized that promoting energy conservation and emissions reductions is a long-term task for China, especially now when its economy is developing rapidly. He pointed out that in the first half of this year, energy consumption per unit of GDP decreased by 2.7 percent year on year, indicating energy use efficiency has improved.

Zeng says "We will make great efforts to reduce the energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20 percent in 2010 compared with that of 2005. In the next 4 years, industries with high energy consumption and pollution will be eliminated at a faster speed. While energy-efficient buildings and environmentally-friendly lightbulbs will become more prominent. We will encourage all citizens to join in this energy-saving campaign."

Zeng said China is paying close attention to environmental issues. The country will work with other countries towards a goal of sustainable development. A number of Nobel laureates and world-renowned scientists are attending a 4-day meeting to discuss energy efficiency with Chinese scientists.

    [source:CCTV.com]