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About Nobel Prize
    The Nobel Prize is an international award given yearly since 1901 for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and for peace. In 1968, the Bank of Sweden instituted the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize.

    The Prize Winners are announced in October every year. They receive their awards (a prize amount, a gold medal and a diploma) on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death.
    Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. His family was descended from Olof Rudbeck, the best-known technical genius of Sweden's 17th century era as a great power in northern Europe.

    Nobel invented dynamite in 1866 and later built up companies and laboratories in more than 20 countries all over the world.

    On November 27, 1895, Nobel signed his last will providing for the establishment of the Nobel Prize. He died of cerebral haemorrhage in his home in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896.
    Alfred died in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896. In his last will and testament, he wrote that much of his fortune was to be used to give prizes to those who have done their best for humanity in the field of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace.

    In 1901, the first Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature were first awarded in Stockholm, Sweden and the Peace Prize in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway.
    The first Prize Award Ceremony in 1901 at the Old Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm.
 
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Martin Green


Martin Green is currently Scientia Professor at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia and Research Director of the University's Photovoltaic Centre of Excellence. He is also a Director of CSG Solar, a company formed specifically to commercialise the University’s thin-film, polycrystalline-silicon-on-glass solar cell.  His group's contributions to photovoltaics are well known, both in laboratory and commercial areas, including the development of the world’s highest efficiency silicon solar cells and modules and the successes of several spin-off companies.  He is the author of six books on solar cells and numerous papers in the area of semiconductors, microelectronics, optoelectronics, and, of course, solar cells.  His work has resulted in several international awards including the 1999 Australia Prize, the 2002 Right Livelihood Award (also known as the Alternative Nobel Prize), and the 2004 World Technology Award for Energy.

 

    

Beijing Foreign Affairs Office