George Smoot

George Smoot was co-awarded the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics "for discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.”

Smoot received Bachelor degrees (1966) in Mathematics and Physics and a Ph.D. (1970) in Physics from MIT. Smoot has been at the University of California Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory since 1970.

In April 1992, George Smoot made the announcement that the team he led had detected the long sought variations in the early Universe that had been observed by the COBE DMR. NASA's COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) satellite mapped the intensity of the radiation from the early Big Bang and found variations so small they had to be the seeds on which gravity worked to grow the galaxies, clusters of galaxies, and clusters of clusters that are observed in the universe today. These variations are also relics of creation.

Professor Smoot is an author of more than 200 science papers and is also co-author of the popularized scientific book Wrinkles in Time (Harper, 1994) that elucidates cosmology and the COBE discovery.

Currently, Professor Smoot conducts research in astrophysics and observational cosmology, and is most famous for his research on the cosmic background radiation. This radiation is thought to be the relic of the intense heat of the early Big Bang.

Smoot continues research in cosmology and is currently involved in the Planck and SNAP missions. The Planck mission is the third generation mission to exploit the CMB fluctuations discovered by COBE DMR. SNAP is a mission to understand the Dark Energy causing the current expansion of the Universe to accelerate.

 

Abstract of His Speech:

 

"Singularity University: Preparing Humanity for Accelerating Technological Change"

Speaker: Professor George F. Smoot

Several technologies are both accelerating their rate of development and converging in a way that will change society and human beings in an incredible manner. A critical example is information science which has numerous `Moore’s Laws’ including the doubling of information processing every year.

 

There are a numerous routes converging toward an unprecedented rate of development and innovation, which promises to be a thrilling era that enriches humans on many levels and challenges humans to respond. The rate of innovation will be so great that human beings will need assistance and enhancements of these technologies to cope. Newly formed Singularity University aims to illuminate the path to our new future. Singularity University will educate and connect both current and future leaders with the convergent technologies and developments.

[source:Beijing Foreign Affairs Office]